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Precariousness, Gender, Resistance and Consent in the Face of Global Production Network’s ‘Reforms’ of Pakistan’s Garment Manufacturing Industry

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journal contribution
posted on 02.02.2021, 11:29 by M Ayaz, MJ Ashraf, Trevor Hopper
© The Author(s) 2019. This case study of the restructuring of Pakistan’s garment manufacturing industry explores how attempts to increase capital’s control over the labour process intersect with local patriarchal structures and trigger workers’ reflexivity and agency causing unanticipated consequences. Using Archer’s notion of agency, the article examines the theoretical space where capitalism meets patriarchy, and both are reproduced. The focus on reflexivity, anchored between objective contexts and agents’ personal concerns, helps theorize capital–labour–gender relations in global supply chains and explains workers’ impactful resistance to protect a supposedly precarious work regime. Our findings challenge the notion that globalization reduces workers’ agency and their potential for impactful resistance.

History

Preferred citation

Ayaz, M., Ashraf, M. J. & Hopper, T. (2019). Precariousness, Gender, Resistance and Consent in the Face of Global Production Network’s ‘Reforms’ of Pakistan’s Garment Manufacturing Industry. Work, Employment and Society, 33(6), 895-912. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017019870735

Journal title

Work, Employment and Society

Volume

33

Issue

6

Publication date

01/12/2019

Pagination

895-912

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Publication status

Published

Online publication date

04/11/2019

ISSN

0950-0170

eISSN

1469-8722

Language

en

Exports