The Place of Psychiatric Rehabilitation in New Zealand Communities
Supported Residential Care Facilities (SRCF's) play a distinctive role in the integration of mental health consumers within host communities. Despite the vast quantity of research on the sociological impacts of discrimination against mental health consumers, such as societal and self stigmatisation, little to no research is conducted on the effects that the built environment have upon mental health consumers in SRCF's in New Zealand post deinstitutionalisation. This study examines the 23 existing SRCF's within the Wellington region, examining their socioeconomic context, city planning context, physical environment context and the built typology of these facilities. Each of these research subjects are examined to identify and understand the implications they have on the integration of mental health consumers within their host communities at three scales; host community, location and facility design. The findings and insight drawn from sociological literature and empirical research are summarised within the design guideline and tested through a design based case study. The conclusions of this research can be summarised as follows: 1. It is desirable for host communities to be socioeconomically diverse with an appropriate level of public and mental health amenities 2. It is advantageous for SRCF's to be located within the 'inner edge context,' promoting a diverse urban context, socioeconomic context, diverse planning context and safe pedestrian access to public amenities. 3.The facility design of SRCF's should promote a 'recovery oriented practice,' achieved partially through context specific 'integration programs'. The majority of SRCF's within the research sample are located within residential suburbs. This research identifies that SRCF's and facilities alike must be located within the 'inner edge context'. The findings are of particular usefulness to Wellington's SRCF's yet are also helpful in understanding and improving the built environment of SRCF's within New Zealand communities.