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The Effects of Microtubule Stabilizing Drugs on Macrophage Immune-Mediated Endocytosis

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posted on 10.11.2021, 10:05 authored by Joshi, Praneta

Microtubule stabilizing drugs (MSD) bind and stabilize microtubules, thus inhibiting their normal function. MSD exhibit anti-mitotic effects which makes them attractive as cancer chemotherapeutics and much of existing research has focused on these effects in proliferating cells. In contrast, we are interested in assessing the effects of microtubule stabilization on non-proliferating cells, such as macrophages, to determine potential mitosis-independent actions of MSD on microtubule function. Thus, we investigated the effects of MSD on macrophage receptor-mediated endocytosis of low density lipoproteins (LDL) and found no significant effect on the ability of paclitaxel-treated macrophages to endocytose LDL. Alterations to macrophage phagocytic and killing efficiency due to treatment with paclitaxel, peloruside or docetaxel, as well as the recently discovered compounds, ixabepilone, mycothiazole, and zampanolide were investigated. Treatment with paclitaxel, peloruside or docetaxel did not significantly inhibit phagocytosis or killing of bacteria. Results from confocal microscopy suggest that paclitaxel alters phagocytic kinetics in macrophages. Respectively, zampanolide and mycothiazole significantly inhibited macrophage bactericidal and killing ability, while Ixabepilone enhanced bacterial killing. MSD treatment also altered production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) and nitric oxide (NO) during bacterial killing. Optimal activation of macrophages with IFN-y did not alter the effects of MSD. Taken together, these results suggest that MSD have multiple immunomodulatory effects unrelated to their anti-mitotic effects. The data suggests that during MSD treatment, macrophage activity maybe altered or impaired, thus modifying the ability of patients to fight off bacterial infections.

History

Copyright Date

01/01/2010

Date of Award

01/01/2010

Publisher

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Rights License

Author Retains Copyright

Degree Discipline

Cell and Molecular Bioscience

Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Level

Masters

Degree Name

Master of Biomedical Science

Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Awarded Research Masters Thesis

Language

en_NZ

Victoria University of Wellington School

School of Biological Sciences

Advisors

La Flamme, Anne