The Challenges of Implementing the ITIL Problem Management Process in IT Support Organisations
Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) is a framework and an integrated set of process orientated best practices for providing IT infrastructure support, managing and delivering IT services. As organisations in the digital age rely on Information Technology for their daily operations as well as future growth and success, the ITIL framework is widely adopted. The Problem Management process is one of the Service Operation processes defined by the ITIL framework. Whilst the adoption of the ITIL framework is often for the benefit of both the organisations that provide IT support and services and the organisations which consume them, the challenges of implementing this framework and its processes is often left to the IT support organisations. This paper focuses on the ITIL Problem Management process; it reviews the principles and objectives of this IT Service Management process from an IT Governance stand point, and its implementation in the context of organisational IT services and operations. This paper collects and presents the views and insights from IT professionals who routinely worked with ITIL processes. As empirical research, this paper seeks to identify and prioritize the challenges associated with implementing the ITIL Problem Management process by the IT support organisations; it also seeks to understand the ways and methods to overcome these challenges. This paper identifies 23 unique challenges in 6 categories including “the understanding”, “the buy-in”, “the investment”, “the interrelation”, the “execution” and “the organisational factors” which are associated with implementing the ITIL Problem Management process. The ranking of these challenges is also finalized. This paper further offers suggestions for IT support organisations to overcome these challenges. It suggests that IT support organisations may first address and overcome the challenges associated with the understanding and the buy-in of the ITIL Problem Management process, and use an overall top-down approach and effective organisational communication as they try to implement the ITIL Problem Management process.