Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
thesis_access.pdf (17.83 MB)

Synthesis of Sporidesmin Based Antigens

Download (17.83 MB)
posted on 2021-11-08, 08:35 authored by Erasmuson, Anton Francis

In a program aimed at developing a chemically derived vaccine against sporidesmin-A, the toxin which causes the pasture disease facial eczema, two haptens have been prepared, coupled to protein carriers, and tested for immunogenicity. The hapten, 2-amino-5-chloro-3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol has been synthesised from vanillin and the general synthetic methods developed in the course of this work have been used to prepare a large number of related vanillin derivatives for use in cross-hapten studies. The carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of 16 vanillin derivatives have been obtained, and two independent methods of deducing vanillin substitution patterns have been developed. 5-chloro-6, 7-dimethoxy-N-methyl-lH-indole has been prepared by a new route and its 3-oxoacetic acid derivative has been synthesized for use as a hapten. The Vilsmeier-Haack intermediate, l-methyl-3-(N,N-dimethylimonio) methyl-lH-indole chloride was isolated and a number of possible synthetic routes from it to pyrroloindoles were explored. The vanillin and indole haptens have been coupled to protein carriers to form antigens which generated a low antibody response. However, the use of mycobacterium phlei as a carrier greatly increased the antibody response but the antibodies produced did not interact strongly with sporidesmin-A.


Copyright Date


Date of Award



Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Rights License

Author Retains Copyright

Degree Discipline


Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Level


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Awarded Doctoral Thesis



Victoria University of Wellington School

School of Chemical and Physical Sciences


Ferrier, R J