Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
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On Moving Mountains: Animating the Ground Imaginary in Te Awarua-o-Porirua

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posted on 2023-08-28, 08:56 authored by Mayall, Luke

While soil is crucial to the well-being of both human and nonhuman life, its importance is rarely acknowledged within land development processes. Damaging practices of soil destruction brought about by ubiquitous topographic manipulation are culturally normalised and even idealised within landscape architecture through the proliferation of scenic images of neat, flat lawns and expansive, rolling parks, employing dominant soil ‘management’ techniques that have been naturalised within the field of landscape architecture.

Mindful of the ecologies and relations destroyed through ongoing practices of topographic manipulation, this design-led research asks ‘how would landscape architects approach design if soil was treated as a living entity?’ The research furnishes this ambition with the development of three design experimentations, testing the capacity of landscape architectural practice to discover the multiplicity of life below ground and to manifest spaces that are co-produced with their non-human actors.

The humanly-modified ground of Paremata is explored as a case study, developing an embodied process of mapping and designing-with the discursive materiality of a site in an attempt to respond to the trauma of the displaced soil. The results identified a methodology that positioned the site (and its materiality) as a reciprocal collaborator, de-centering the human and allowing soil agency in co-creating spaces. By foregrounding soil as more than just a medium for plant growth, a material for unending modification, or a substrate to build upon, the work asserts that landscape architects might regain a more relational ethic towards soil care and in turn, participate in the building of regenerative futures.


Copyright Date


Date of Award



Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Rights License

Author Retains Copyright

Degree Discipline

Landscape Architecture

Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Level


Degree Name

Master of Landscape Architecture

ANZSRC Socio-Economic Outcome code

280104 Expanding knowledge in built environment and design

ANZSRC Type Of Activity code

1 Pure basic research

Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Awarded Research Masters Thesis



Victoria University of Wellington School

Wellington School of Architecture


Hopewell, Hannah