Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
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Medium Access Control Optimization For Structural Health Monitoring Using Wireless Sensor Network

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posted on 2021-11-15, 07:21 authored by Singh, Saurabh

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are designed for sensing phenomena and acquiring data. In structural health monitoring (SHM) of engineering structures, increasingly large number of sensor nodes are deployed to acquire data at the spatial density, needed for structural integrity assessment.  During catastrophic events like earthquake there is a surge in simultaneous production and transmission of data to a central server at remote location. The increased contention for the wireless channel increases the probability of packet collisions resulting in packet drops, multiple transmission attempts and consequent delays. It is also not uncommon to find certain nodes (e.g. closer to sink) having better success rate in transmission of data and thereby leading to biased data delivery. Many solutions to the problem exist and clustering is the most commonly used method among then, wherein sensor nodes are grouped together. While the existing clustering algorithms do solve the network contention problems, the problem of cluster bias induced due to the proximity to sink node still remains to be addressed. Moreover all the existing solutions are very much node centric.  This thesis presents a new perspective on cluster based WSNs designed to tackle Medium Access Control (MAC) layer congestion associated with burst packet generation in an unbiased manner, thereby making it more efficient for applications like SHM. In addition to solving the network bias problem, the proposed design also ensures faster transmission times, increased throughput and energy efficiency.


Copyright Date


Date of Award



Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Rights License

Author Retains Copyright

Degree Discipline

Network Engineering

Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Level


Degree Name

Master of Engineering

ANZSRC Type Of Activity code

970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Awarded Research Masters Thesis



Victoria University of Wellington School

School of Engineering and Computer Science


Seah, Winston