Investigations into the H-D Exchange of Malonganenone B
H-D exchange at the formyl residue of the natural product malonganenone B was investigated. Models of the system were synthesised and displayed the same exchange. Kinetic studies, performed using NMR spectroscopy, found the exchange was first order with respect to base whilst displaying acid inhibition, in opposition to existing research. Cyclic species, including an N-heterocyclic carbene precursor, were formed that, in conjunction with the previous findings, suggested a carbene-based mechanism was in operation. Further synthetic studies were performed to demonstrate the existence of a carbene. With use of silver oxide, a fulvalene dimer and an organopalladium complex of this carbene were obtained, which provide further support towards a carbene-based mechanism being involved in the H-D exchange of malonganenone B.