Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
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Environmental impact assessments in areas beyond national jurisdiction

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posted on 2021-11-15, 08:34 authored by Boyes, Amy

A state that wishes to proceed with an activity or development has an obligation to undertake an assessment of the risks that activity will have on the environment. This obligation has been generally accepted in domestic and international law, and is often conducted in domestic and trans boundary areas. However, the application of the obligation in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction has been fragmented, with many activities and areas not being assessed. This paper looks at the international obligation to conduct an EIA in areas beyond national jurisdiction, and discusses the possibility of the development of an implementation agreement that would enhance and specify the requirement to conduct an EIA in areas beyond national jurisdiction.


Copyright Date


Date of Award



Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Rights License

Author Retains Copyright

Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Name

LL.B. (Honours)

ANZSRC Type Of Activity code

970118 Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies

Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Research Paper or Project



Victoria University of Wellington School

School of Law


Mossop, Joanna