Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
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Employability Development Theory: Policy Implications for Supporting Youth at Risk of Limited Employment (YARLE)

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posted on 2022-03-06, 21:49 authored by Mandy McGirr
Many countries have applied various policies and programmes that aim to reduce numbers of NEETs (youth not in employment, education or training), or raise rates of low level qualification attainment among youth populations, based on the theory that doing so will ultimately lead to improved youth labour market outcomes. As well as providing the types of education and training programmes that prioritise low level qualification attainment as a key programme success measure, other types of active labour market programmes (ALMPs) are also applied widely. These other types of ALMPs are typically designed to directly and urgently focus on moving currently NEET, unemployed or underemployed target groups into employment. Furthermore, although they are not given as much attention in this research, a country’s choice of programmes and policy settings that concern youth social welfare assistance, and careers information, advice, guidance and education (CIAGE), is also relevant to achieving the intertwined agendas of developing youth employability and improving eventual patterns of youth labour market outcomes. Collectively, the aforementioned programme types, fields of policy work and associated educational and employment-focused policy agendas are conceptualised in this research as the broadest definition of employability policy responses.


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Date of Award



Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

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Author Retains All Rights

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Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Level


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

ANZSRC Socio-Economic Outcome code

910206 Market-Based Mechanisms 910299 Microeconomics not elsewhere classified 910208 Micro Labour Market Issues 910211 Supply and Demand 910202 Human Capital Issues 910499 Management and Productivity not elsewhere classified 939908 Workforce Transition and Employment 930399 Curriculum not elsewhere classified 930501 Education and Training Systems Policies and Development 940599 Work and Institutional Development not elsewhere classified 940501 Employment Patterns and Change 940204 Public Services Policy Advice and Analysis

ANZSRC Type Of Activity code


Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Awarded Doctoral Thesis



Victoria University of Wellington School

School of Government


Wolf, Amanda; Eppel, Elizabeth