Design for Smart Transport: An Integrated Multi-Modal Transport Interchange in Central Christchurch
Transportation, an essential component of modern life, is responsible for one of the biggest growth areas of our greenhouse gas emissions which causes problem for our environment and the economy. New Zealand cities face the same issues as many other cities in the globalised world. This thesis analyses the integration of all the public transport systems to encourage people to get out of the car and reduce the traffic volume within the city centre to develop with the aim of developing a sustainable city towards the future. Drivers in New Zealand believe commuter stress could be significantly reduced by improving public transport. The design calls for a new central transport interchange for all the public transport systems within Christchurch city to form a spectacular gateway to the city. The aim of the design is to create a unified urban structure in which diverse infrastructural and public elements merge together to form one building. The outcome of this research identifies a strong future for a public transport interchange, but states that its physical and organisational form needs to be re-established. It finds that technology and architecture offer new opportunities useful for reinterpreting the typology. The thesis concludes that future public transport interchanges will become hybrids of activity, and places where the threads of urban life are joined together. The interchanges can become a major catalyst of urban regeneration - a focus for commerce and the flow of ideas as well as the movement of people.