Compounds of 6, 13-Diamino-6, 13-Dimethyl-1, 4, 8, 11 - Tetraazacyclotetradecane
The reaction of bis-(diaminoethane)nickel(II) chloride, ([Ni(en)2]Cl2 in methanol with formaldehyde and nitroethane in the presence of triethylamine proceeds readily to produce (6, 13-dimethyl-6, 13-dinitro-1, 4, 8, 11-tetraazacyclotetradecane)nickel(II) chloride, [Ni(dini)] - Cl2. Reduction of the nitro groups of this compound by catalytic hydrogenation yields three isomers of the pendant arm macrocyclic complex (6, 13-diamino-6, 13-dimethyl-1, 4, 8, 11-tetraazachyclotetradecane)nickel(II) chloride, designated a-, b- and c-[Ni(diam)]Cl2. These were separated by fractional crystallization. The aisomer was observed to isomerizes slowly in solution to the b- form. A parallel dissociation reaction of the a- isomer was also observed. The demetallation of a- and b- isomers of the diam complex of nickel by reaction with cyanide or concentrated acid at 140 degrees C produces the macrocycle meso-(6, 13-diamino-6, 13-dimethyl-1, 4, 8, 11-tetraazacyclotetra-decane), diam. A variety of hexamine, pentamine and tetramine complexes of diam with nickel(II), copper(II), cobalt(II) and (III), chromium(III), palladium(II), rhodium(III), zinc(II) and cadmium(II) were prepared. Hexamine and tetramine forms of labile metal complexes could be rapidly and reversibly interconverted by altering the pH. The hexamine cobalt(III) cation, [Co(diam)]3+ was by far the most inert of the prepared cobalt(III) complexes, remaining unaffected in hot acidic solutions. In contrast, a single pendant arm of the hexamine [Cr(diam)]3+ cation could be dissociated in acid. (Two possibly triamine complexes of lead were also prepared). These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic measurements, electronic, infrared, 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. The pendant arm protonation constants (log K) of diam and selected complexes of nickel, copper and palladium were calculated from potentiometric titration measurements at 25 degrees C. The log K values for diam at 25 degrees C (I = 0.1 M NaclO4) were 11.15, 9.7, 6.2 and 5.3. Kinetics of the parallel isomerization and dissociation of a-[Ni(dimH2)]4+ in HCl/NaCl solutions were monitored spectrophotometrically at 50 degrees C. The rate of reaction in acidic solutions showed a non-linear dependency on acid concentration. The observed first order rate constant (kobs) for disappearance of a-[Ni(diamH2)]4+ (by isomerization and dissociation) in 2.0 M HCl, 0.1 M NaOH and 2.0 M NaCl were 3.05 x 10-4, 2.0(3) x 10-2 and 5.0 x 10-5 s-1 respectively. The rate of the dissociation component of the reaction of a-[Ni(diamH2)]4+ in 2.0 M HCl at 50 degrees C was 1.82 x 10-7 s-1. Acid bydrolysis kinetics of (Cu[diamH2])(ClO4)4 in hydrochloric acid and perchloric acid at 50 and 70 degrees C were studied spectrophotometrically. The reactions were slow and the observed first order rate constants were to a first approximation independent of the particular acid or its concentration. The observed first order rate constants were 1 x 10-9 and 8 x 10-9 s-1 at 50 and 70 degrees C respectively. Questions about the nature of the reaction being followed have been raised.