Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
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Customary Materials Augmentation

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posted on 2024-02-27, 01:30 authored by Horne, Angus

There has been growing concern that parametric software paired with digital fabrication tools creates homogenous and culturally devoid architecture. Other research suggests that culturally meaningful approaches could be utilised to support the aesthetic and spatial qualities of digital tools. This thesis employs parametric software and digital fabrication tools within customary Indigenous Māori craft to create new opportunities for contemporary architectural outcomes which embody Indigenous Māori culture.

Parametric modelling and ceramic 3D printing were integrated within the design and production of traditional Māori pou (carved columns).

To do so, close collaboration with Māori craftspeople to facilitate the sharing of knowledge, both Indigenous and technological, was essential. The research engaged in innovative ways of utilising local Indigenous materials through processes that reflect principles of kaitiakitanga (guardianship) and express the inner wairua (spirit) of the land through the architectural outcome.

The results illustrate that when digital design tools and knowledge of traditional craft are integrated, the outcomes can reinvigorate the role of digital tools and celebrate Indigenous Māori culture.


Copyright Date


Date of Award



Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Rights License

Author Retains Copyright

Degree Discipline


Degree Grantor

Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington

Degree Level


Degree Name

Master of Architecture (Professional)

ANZSRC Socio-Economic Outcome code

120299 Construction design not elsewhere classified

ANZSRC Type Of Activity code

3 Applied research

Victoria University of Wellington Item Type

Awarded Research Masters Thesis



Alternative Language


Alternative Title

Of The Land

Victoria University of Wellington School

Wellington School of Architecture


Kawiti, Derek; Potangaroa, Regan