Total loss measurement and simulation in a REBCO coated conductor carrying DC current in perpendicular AC magnetic field at various temperatures
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-07, 00:45 authored by Yueming SunYueming Sun, J Fang, Gennady SidorovGennady Sidorov, Q Li, Rodney BadcockRodney Badcock, Nicholas LongNicholas Long, Zhenan JiangZhenan Jiang
In many high-temperature superconducting (HTS) applications, HTS coated conductors carry DC currents under external AC magnetic fields. There are two AC loss mechanisms in this situation: magnetization loss due to the external magnetic field and dynamic loss due to the interaction between the DC current and the external magnetic field. The sum of these two loss components is referred to as total loss. In this work, the total loss in a 4 mm wide REBCO coated conductor is measured under perpendicular AC magnetic fields up to 105 mT at 77 K, 70 K, and 65 K, with reduced DC current level, i (I dc/I c0), from 0.025 to 0.98, where I dc is the transport DC current value and I c0 is the self-field critical current of the coated conductor at each temperature. The experimental results show a good quantitative agreement with an analytical equation for each loss component, as well as 2D finite element modelling (FEM) results from H -formulation. For any given temperature, we observe that the total loss is mostly dominated by magnetization loss at i< 0.2, while dynamic loss makes a comparable, even greater contribution to total loss at i > 0.5. Electromagnetic analysis from the FEM modelling shows the evolution process of total loss, where the dynamic loss region and magnetization loss region vary across the conductor width at high magnetic fields or high DC current level. The simulation results also reveal the superposition of (positive) DC current and the anti-parallel (negative) shielding current, which occurs at high DC current level. The superposition drives the current density of one conductor edge to subcritical stage, and it leads to one-sided loss generation in each half-cycle. Our results provide a valuable reference for total loss behaviours in REBCO coated conductors.