The onset of dissipation in high-temperature superconductors: magnetic hysteresis and field dependence
journal contributionposted on 02.11.2020, 01:16 by EF Talantsev, Nicholas Strickland, Stuart Wimbush, Justin Brooks, AE Pantoja, Rodney Badcock, James Storey, Jeffery Tallon
© 2018, The Author(s). Recently, we showed that the self-field transport critical current, Ic(sf), of a superconducting wire can be defined in a more fundamental way than the conventional (and arbitrary) electric field criterion, Ec = 1 μV/cm. We defined Ic(sf) as the threshold current, Ic,B, at which the perpendicular component of the local magnetic flux density, B⊥, measured at any point on the surface of a high-temperature superconducting tape abruptly crosses over from a non-linear to a linear dependence with increasing transport current. This effect results from the current distribution across the tape width progressively transitioning from non-uniform to uniform. The completion of this progressive transition was found to be singular. It coincides with the first discernible onset of dissipation and immediately precedes the formation of a measureable electric field. Here, we show that the same Ic,B definition of critical currents applies in the presence of an external applied magnetic field, Ba. In all experimental data presented here Ic,B is found to be significantly (10–30%) lower than Ic,E determined by the common electric field criterion of Ec = 1 µV/cm, and Ec to be up to 50 times lower at Ic,B than at Ic,E.