Synthesis and Basicity Studies of Quinolino[7,8- h]quinoline Derivatives
journal contributionposted on 2021-11-24, 20:18 authored by GJ Rowlands, RJ Severinsen, JK Buchanan, Karl ShafferKarl Shaffer, HT Jameson, N Thennakoon, I Leito, M Lõkov, A Kütt, R Vianello, I Despotović, N Radić, PG Plieger
Quinolino[7,8-h]quinoline is a superbasic compound, with a pKaH in acetonitrile greater than that of 1,8-bis(dimethylaminonaphthalene) (DMAN), although its synthesis and the synthesis of its derivatives can be problematic. The use of halogen derivatives 4,9-dichloroquinolino[7,8-h]quinoline (16) and 4,9-dibromoquinolino[7,8-h]quinoline (17) as precursors has granted the formation of a range of substituted quinolinoquinolines. The basicity and other properties of quinolinoquinolines can be modified by the inclusion of suitable functionalities. The experimentally obtained pKaH values of quinolino[7,8-h]quinoline derivatives show that N4,N4,N9,N9-tetraethylquinolino[7,8-h]quinoline-4,9-diamine (26) is more superbasic than quinolino[7,8-h]quinoline. Computationally derived pKaH values of quinolinoquinolines functionalized with dimethylamino (NMe2), 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidino (N-C(NMe2)2) or N,N,N′,N′,N″,N″-hexamethylphosphorimidic triamido (N-P(NMe2)3) groups are significantly greater than those of quinolino[7,8-h]quinoline. Overall, electron-donating functionalities are observed to increase the basicity of the quinolinoquinoline moiety, while the substitution of electron-withdrawing groups lowers the basicity.