Charlier et al Sci Adv 7 eabf6222 2021.pdf (1.5 MB)
Survival of presolar p-nuclide carriers in the nebula revealed by stepwise leaching of Allende refractory inclusions
journal contributionposted on 2021-12-06, 07:24 authored by Bruce Charlier, FLH Tissot, H Vollstaedt, N Dauphas, Colin WilsonColin Wilson, RT Marquez
The 87Rb-87Sr radiochronometer provides key insights into the timing of volatile element depletion in planetary bodies, yet the unknown nucleosynthetic origin of Sr anomalies in Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs, the oldest dated solar system solids) challenges the reliability of resulting chronological interpretations. To identify the nature of these Sr anomalies, we performed step-leaching experiments on nine unmelted CAIs from Allende. In six CAIs, the chemically resistant residues (0.06 to 9.7% total CAI Sr) show extreme positive μ 84Sr (up to +80,655) and 87Sr variations that cannot be explained by decay of 87Rb. The extreme 84Sr but more subdued 87Sr anomalies are best explained by the presence of a presolar carrier enriched in the p-nuclide 84Sr. We argue that this unidentified carrier controls the isotopic anomalies in bulk CAIs and outer solar system materials, which reinstates the chronological significance of differences in initial 87Sr/86Sr between CAIs and volatile-depleted inner solar system materials.