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Reference in the Land of the Rising Sun: A Cross-cultural Study on the Reference of Proper Names

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journal contribution
posted on 18.03.2021, 03:15 by Justin Sytsma, J Livengood, R Sato, M Oguchi
© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. A standard methodology in philosophy of language is to use intuitions as evidence. Machery, Mallon, Nichols, and Stich (2004) challenged this methodology with respect to theories of reference by presenting empirical evidence that intuitions about one prominent example from the literature on the reference of proper names (Kripke’s Gödel case) vary between Westerners and East Asians. In response, Sytsma and Livengood (2011) conducted experiments to show that the questions Machery and colleagues asked participants in their study were ambiguous, and that this ambiguity affected the responses given by Westerners. Sytsma and Livengood took their results to cast doubt on the claim that the current evidence indicates that there is cross-cultural variation in intuitions about the Gödel case. In this paper we report on a new cross-cultural study showing that variation in intuitions remains even after controlling for the ambiguity noted by Sytsma and Livengood.

History

Preferred citation

Sytsma, J. M., Livengood, J., Sato, R. & Oguchi, M. (2015). Reference in the Land of the Rising Sun: A Cross-cultural Study on the Reference of Proper Names. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 6(2), 213-230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13164-014-0206-3

Journal title

Review of Philosophy and Psychology

Volume

6

Issue

2

Publication date

01/01/2015

Pagination

213-230

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication status

Published

Contribution type

Article

Online publication date

30/09/2014

ISSN

1878-5158

eISSN

1878-5166

Language

en

Exports

Journal articles

Categories

Exports