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Paradoxes of Ratification: The Nagoya Protocol and Brazilian State Transformations

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journal contribution
posted on 14.12.2021, 01:12 authored by Thomas R Eimer, Flavia Donadelli
This article explores the paradoxical behaviour of Brazil in relation to its national and international approaches to the regulations of access to genetic resources and benefits sharing with indigenous and other traditional communities. Brazil was one of the leaders in the international negotiations that led to the UN Nagoya Protocol but only ratified it 11 years later, after remarkable transformations of its internal biodiversity laws. We suggest that the seemingly contradictory behaviour has been shaped by the country’s internal political and ideological changes. This transformation goes hand in hand with substantial changes in state–society relations, particularly with regard to the balance of coalitions’ power between indigenous groups and industrial and agrarian elites. The article builds on the literature on state transformations and relies on the Advocacy Coalition Framework to show the importance of considering the impact of national-level politics on the fate of international agreements.

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Preferred citation

Eimer, T. R. & Donadelli, F. (n.d.). Paradoxes of Ratification: The Nagoya Protocol and Brazilian State Transformations. The Journal of Environment & Development, 107049652110585-107049652110585. https://doi.org/10.1177/10704965211058570

Journal title

The Journal of Environment & Development

Pagination

107049652110585-107049652110585

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Publication status

Published online

Online publication date

12/12/2021

ISSN

1070-4965

eISSN

1552-5465

Language

en

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