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New Zealand Youth19 survey: vaping has wider appeal than smoking in secondary school students, and most use nicotine-containing e-cigarettes
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-26, 23:05 authored by J Ball, Theresa FlemingTheresa Fleming, B Drayton, K Sutcliffe, S Lewycka, TC Clark
Objective: To investigate smoking and vaping in secondary school students (aged 13–18 years) in New Zealand (NZ) following the introduction of ‘pod’ e-cigarettes, which have been associated with the rapid escalation of youth vaping elsewhere. Methods: Data on smoking and vaping were collected in 2019 as part of a comprehensive youth health survey (N=7,721). Results: Vaping was 2–3 times more prevalent than smoking, with 10% of students vaping regularly (monthly or more often), and 6% weekly or more often, compared with 4% and 2%, respectively, for tobacco smoking. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes were sometimes or always used by 80% of regular and 90% of weekly vapers. Regular and weekly smoking was rare in low deprivation (affluent) areas, whereas regular and weekly vaping prevalence was similar across the socioeconomic spectrum. More than 80% of ever-vapers (N=2732) reported they were non-smokers when they first vaped, and 49% of regular vapers (N=718) had never smoked. Conclusions: A significant proportion of New Zealand adolescents, many of whom have never smoked, use nicotine-containing e-cigarettes regularly. Implications for public health: Vaping is less harmful than smoking, but it is not harmless. Public health action is needed to support young non-smokers to remain smokefree and vape-free.
Preferred citationBall, J., Fleming, T., Drayton, B., Sutcliffe, K., Lewycka, S. & Clark, T. C. (2021). New Zealand Youth19 survey: vaping has wider appeal than smoking in secondary school students, and most use nicotine-containing e-cigarettes. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 45(6), 546-553. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.13169
Journal titleAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Online publication date2021-10-14
tobaccosmokinge-cigarettesvapingadolescentAdolescentElectronic Nicotine Delivery SystemsHumansNew ZealandNicotineSchoolsSmokingStudentsSurveys and QuestionnairesTobacco SmokingVapingTobaccoPediatricPediatric Research InitiativeSubstance AbuseTobacco Smoke and HealthDrug Abuse (NIDA Only)RespiratoryCardiovascularCancer3 Good Health and Well BeingPublic HealthApplied Economics not elsewhere classifiedPublic Health and Health Services not elsewhere classifiedPolicy and Administration not elsewhere classified