Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the genus Wittrockiella (Pithophoraceae, Cladophorales), including the descriptions of W. australis sp. nov. and W. zosterae sp. nov
journal contributionposted on 2020-08-23, 22:35 authored by C Boedeker, CJ O'Kelly, JA West, T Hanyuda, A Neale, I Wakana, MD Wilcox, U Karsten, Giuseppe ZuccarelloGiuseppe Zuccarello
© 2017 Phycological Society of America Wittrockiella is a small genus of filamentous green algae that occurs in habitats with reduced or fluctuating salinities. Many aspects of the basic biology of these algae are still unknown and the phylogenetic relationships within the genus have not been fully explored. We provide a phylogeny based on three ribosomal markers (ITS, LSU, and SSU rDNA) of the genus, including broad intraspecific sampling for W. lyallii and W. salina, recommendations for the use of existing names are made, and highlight aspects of their physiology and life cycle. Molecular data indicate that there are five species of Wittrockiella. Two new species, W. australis and W. zosterae, are described, both are endophytes. Although W. lyallii and W. salina can be identified morphologically, there are no diagnostic morphological characters to distinguish between W. amphibia, W. australis, and W. zosterae. A range of low molecular weight carbohydrates were analyzed but proved to not be taxonomically informative. The distribution range of W. salina is extended to the Northern Hemisphere as this species has been found in brackish lakes in Japan. Furthermore, it is shown that there are no grounds to recognize W. salina var. kraftii, which was described as an endemic variety from a freshwater habitat on Lord Howe Island, Australia. Culture experiments indicate that W. australis has a preference for growth in lower salinities over full seawater. For W. amphibia and W. zosterae, sexual reproduction is documented, and the split of these species is possibly attributable to polyploidization.
Preferred citationBoedeker, C., O'Kelly, C. J., West, J. A., Hanyuda, T., Neale, A., Wakana, I., Wilcox, M. D., Karsten, U. & Zuccarello, G. C. (2017). Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the genus Wittrockiella (Pithophoraceae, Cladophorales), including the descriptions of W. australis sp. nov. and W. zosterae sp. nov. Journal of Phycology, 53(3), 522-540. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12530
Journal titleJournal of Phycology
Online publication date2017-04-04
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Cladophorellagreen algaekaryologymolecular phylogeneticspolyploidyrDNAsexual reproductiontaxonomyUlvophyceaeChlorophytaDNA, AlgalDNA, PlantDNA, Ribosomal SpacerEcosystemPhylogenySalinitySequence Analysis, DNAScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePlant SciencesMarine & Freshwater BiologyRIBOSOMAL-RNA GENEMULTIPLE SEQUENCE ALIGNMENTPARADOXA WILLE CHLOROPHYTAAEGAGROPILA-LINNAEIBANGIALES RHODOPHYTANUTRIENT DEFICIENCYHAIR FORMATIONPACIFIC COASTNORTH-AMERICADNA TAXONOMYMarine Biology & HydrobiologyEnvironmental Science and ManagementFisheries Sciences