Memory Performance Influences Male Reproductive Success in a Wild Bird
journal contributionposted on 11.02.2021, 22:24 by Rachael Shaw, Regan MacKinlay, NS Clayton, Kevin Burns
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Despite decades of comparative research, how selection shapes the evolution of cognitive traits remains poorly understood [1–3]. Several lines of evidence suggest that natural selection acts on spatial memory in food-caching species [3–6]. However, a link between reproductive fitness and spatial memory ability has yet to be demonstrated in any caching species [1, 3, 6]. Here, we show that memory performance influences reproductive success differentially for males and females in a caching songbird, the New Zealand robin (Petroica longipes). Males’ memory performance in a spatial task during winter influenced their subsequent breeding success; individuals with more accurate performance produced more fledglings and independent offspring per nesting attempt. Males with superior memory performance also provided an increased proportion of large prey items to chicks in the nest and spent less time flying while foraging and provisioning. No such effects were found for females. Previous research reveals that trade-offs may constrain selection and act to maintain variation in cognitive traits . The gender dimorphism in the reproductive benefits of robin memory performance suggests an additional role for divergent selection between the sexes in constraining runaway selection on male memory ability , ultimately maintaining variation in this cognitive trait. Shaw et al. investigate whether spatial memory performance influences reproductive success in a food-caching bird, the New Zealand robin. The sexes differ in the reproductive and behavioral consequences of memory performance, suggesting that divergent selection between the sexes may constrain selection and maintain cognitive variation in the wild.
Preferred citationShaw, R. C., MacKinlay, R. D., Clayton, N. S. & Burns, K. C. (2019). Memory Performance Influences Male Reproductive Success in a Wild Bird. Current Biology, 29(9), 1498-1502.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.03.027
Journal titleCurrent Biology
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Petroica longipescognitive evolutionevolutionary ecologyfitnessfood cachingparental investmentreproductive successspatial memoryAnimalsSongbirdsNesting BehaviorMemorySex FactorsReproductionNew ZealandFemaleMaleScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineBiochemistry & Molecular BiologyCell BiologyNEW-ZEALAND ROBINSCOGNITIVE PERFORMANCESPATIAL MEMORYFITNESSPOPULATIONSSIZEDevelopmental BiologyBiological SciencesMedical and Health SciencesPsychology and Cognitive Sciences