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Land cover change and management implications for the conservation of a seabird in an urban coastal zone under climate change
journal contributionposted on 11.09.2021, 02:27 by A Rastandeh, Maibritt Pedersen ZariMaibritt Pedersen Zari, Daniel BrownDaniel Brown
Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) is one of the most ecologically important seabirds in New Zealand and depends strongly on terrestrial ecosystems for nesting, moulting and breeding. Wellington, New Zealand, is one of the world's most important biodiversity hot spots for this species, mostly in confluence with human urban settlements. This species is currently suffering from the local impacts of climate change associated with urbanisation. Two suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand, that are used seasonally by Little Penguin as terrestrial habitat were selected as the study area to address two issues: (i) how local impacts of climate change may affect the population and habitat structure of species in urban coastal zones where land cover change occurs; and (ii) how landscape management practices may help to mitigate the impacts imposed by climate change on the species in such a context. Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems techniques were applied to quantify and measure the extent of the prehuman forests and current land cover classes in the study area to reveal the degree to which land cover has changed from predevelopment to the present time. The research shows that land cover change in the study area has been widespread and partly irreversible, particularly in areas covered by the class Built-up Area. Results reveal that there are still spatial opportunities to safeguard this vulnerable species against the ill effects of climate change through landscape management practices.
Preferred citationRastandeh, A., Pedersen Zari, M. & Brown, D. K. (2018). Land cover change and management implications for the conservation of a seabird in an urban coastal zone under climate change. Ecological Management and Restoration, 19(2), 147-155. https://doi.org/10.1111/emr.12302
Journal titleEcological Management and Restoration
Online publication date14/03/2018
Read the peer-reviewed publication
climate changeland cover changelandscape managementLittle PenguinNew Zealandurban biodiversityScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineEcologyEnvironmental Sciences & EcologyPENGUIN EUDYPTULA-MINORNEW-ZEALANDBREEDING SUCCESSPHILLIP-ISLANDBIODIVERSITYVICTORIAFORESTPLANTSEnvironmental SciencesBiological SciencesAgricultural and Veterinary Sciences