Is the noun ending a cue to grammatical gender processing? An ERP study on sentences in Italian
journal contributionposted on 2021-02-01, 01:16 authored by S Caffarra, Anna SiyanovaAnna Siyanova, F Pesciarelli, F Vespignani, C Cacciari
© 2015 Society for Psychophysiological Research. Gender-to-ending consistency has been shown to influence grammatical gender retrieval in isolated word presentation. Notwithstanding the wealth of evidence, the exact role and the time course of processing of this distributional information remain unclear. This ERP study investigated if and when the brain detects gender-to-ending consistency in sentences containing Italian determiner-noun pairs. Determiners either agreed or disagreed in gender with the nouns whose endings were reliable or misleading cues to gender (transparent and irregular nouns). Transparent nouns elicited an increased frontal negativity and a late posterior positivity compared to irregular nouns (350-950 ms), suggesting that the system is sensitive to gender-to-ending consistency from relatively early stages of processing. Gender agreement violations evoked a similar LAN-P600 pattern for both types of nouns. The present findings provide evidence for an early detection of reliable gender-related endings during sentence reading.
Preferred citationCaffarra, S., Siyanova, A., Pesciarelli, F., Vespignani, F. & Cacciari, C. (2015). Is the noun ending a cue to grammatical gender processing? An ERP study on sentences in Italian. Psychophysiology, 52(8), 1019-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12429
Online publication date2015-03-29
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Gender-to-ending consistencyGrammatical genderAgreementERPsLanguage processingClinical ResearchAdultBrainCuesElectroencephalographyEvoked PotentialsFemaleHumansItalyLanguageMalePsycholinguisticsReadingYoung AdultSocial SciencesScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePsychology, BiologicalNeurosciencesPhysiologyPsychologyPsychology, ExperimentalNeurosciences & NeurologyEVENT-RELATED POTENTIALSSPOKEN WORD RECOGNITIONWORKING-MEMORYLEXICAL ACCESSLANGUAGE COMPREHENSIONBRAIN POTENTIALSTIME-COURSE2 ROUTESAGREEMENTSPANISHExperimental PsychologyBiological SciencesMedical and Health SciencesPsychology and Cognitive Sciences