File(s) stored somewhere else

Please note: Linked content is NOT stored on Open Access Victoria University of Wellington | Te Herenga Waka and we can't guarantee its availability, quality, security or accept any liability.

Intersex adolescents seeking help for their depression: the case study of SPARX in New Zealand

journal contribution
posted on 11.04.2021, 23:29 by MFG Lucassen, Y Perry, C Frampton, Theresa Fleming, SN Merry, M Shepherd, K Stasiak
Objective: SPARX is a computerized cognitive behavioral therapy self-help program for adolescent depression that is freely available in New Zealand. At registration, users identify themselves as either male, female, intersex, or transgender. We aimed to describe the mental health of adolescent intersex users. Method: A secondary analysis of SPARX usage data over 5 years. Results: Of the 8922 adolescents users, 0.6% (n = 50) identified as intersex. Based on Patient Health Questionnaire 9 – modified for Adolescents (PHQ-A) results, 78.3% of intersex users had high levels of depression and/or self-harm and suicidal ideation. The mean PHQ-A scores for intersex users were significantly higher than for males and females (p <.001). As only three intersex users completed SPARX Level 4 or more (of the seven-level program), we were unable to meaningfully investigate any reductions in their depressive symptoms over time. Conclusions: There is a dearth of empirical data on the mental health of intersex adolescents. These results suggest that intersex adolescents seeking help from an online resource have high mental health needs compared with other young people, possibly because they defer seeking help.

History

Preferred citation

Lucassen, M. F. G., Perry, Y., Frampton, C., Fleming, T., Merry, S. N., Shepherd, M. & Stasiak, K. (2021). Intersex adolescents seeking help for their depression: the case study of SPARX in New Zealand. Australasian Psychiatry, 103985622199264-103985622199264. https://doi.org/10.1177/1039856221992642

Journal title

Australasian Psychiatry

Publication date

01/01/2021

Pagination

103985622199264-103985622199264

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Publication status

Published

Online publication date

24/02/2021

ISSN

1039-8562

eISSN

1440-1665

Article number

ARTN 1039856221992642

Language

en

Exports