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Gender stereotypes across the ages: On-line processing in school-age children, young and older adults

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posted on 01.02.2021, 01:15 by Anna Siyanova, Paul Warren, F Pesciarelli, C Cacciari
© 2015 Siyanova-Chanturia, Warren, Pesciarelli and Cacciari. Most research to date on implicit gender stereotyping has been conducted with one age group - young adults. The mechanisms that underlie the on-line processing of stereotypical information in other age groups have received very little attention. This is the first study to investigate real time processing of gender stereotypes at different age levels. We investigated the activation of gender stereotypes in Italian in four groups of participants: third- and fifth-graders, young and older adults. Participants heard a noun that was stereotypically associated with masculine (preside "headmaster") or feminine roles (badante "social care worker"), followed by a male (padre "father") or female kinship term (madre "mother"). The task was to decide if the two words - the role noun and the kinship term - could describe the same person. Across all age groups, participants were significantly faster to respond, and significantly more likely to press 'yes,' when the gender of the target was congruent with the stereotypical gender use of the preceding prime. These findings suggest that information about the stereotypical gender associated with a role noun is incorporated into the mental representation of this word and is activated as soon as the word is heard. In addition, our results show differences between male and female participants of the various age groups, and between male- and female-oriented stereotypes, pointing to important gender asymmetries.

History

Preferred citation

Siyanova, A., Warren, P., Pesciarelli, F. & Cacciari, C. (2015). Gender stereotypes across the ages: On-line processing in school-age children, young and older adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1388), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01388

Journal title

Frontiers in Psychology

Volume

6

Issue

1388

Publication date

01/01/2015

Pagination

1-13

Publisher

Frontiers Media

Publication status

Published

Contribution type

Article

Online publication date

22/09/2015

ISSN

1664-1078

eISSN

1664-1078

Article number

ARTN 1388

Language

en