Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
s10639-022-11316-w.pdf (1.02 MB)
Download file

Ethical principles for artificial intelligence in education

Download (1.02 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-14, 19:34 authored by Andy Nguyen, Ha Ngan Ngo, Ee Von HongEe Von Hong, Belle Dang, Bich-Phuong Thi Nguyen
AbstractThe advancement of artificial intelligence in education (AIED) has the potential to transform the educational landscape and influence the role of all involved stakeholders. In recent years, the applications of AIED have been gradually adopted to progress our understanding of students’ learning and enhance learning performance and experience. However, the adoption of AIED has led to increasing ethical risks and concerns regarding several aspects such as personal data and learner autonomy. Despite the recent announcement of guidelines for ethical and trustworthy AIED, the debate revolves around the key principles underpinning ethical AIED. This paper aims to explore whether there is a global consensus on ethical AIED by mapping and analyzing international organizations’ current policies and guidelines. In this paper, we first introduce the opportunities offered by AI in education and potential ethical issues. Then, thematic analysis was conducted to conceptualize and establish a set of ethical principles by examining and synthesizing relevant ethical policies and guidelines for AIED. We discuss each principle and associated implications for relevant educational stakeholders, including students, teachers, technology developers, policymakers, and institutional decision-makers. The proposed set of ethical principles is expected to serve as a framework to inform and guide educational stakeholders in the development and deployment of ethical and trustworthy AIED as well as catalyze future development of related impact studies in the field.


Preferred citation

Nguyen, A., Ngo, H. N., Hong, Y., Dang, B. & Nguyen, B. -P. T. (n.d.). Ethical principles for artificial intelligence in education. Education and Information Technologies.

Journal title

Education and Information Technologies


Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication status

Published online

Online publication date








Usage metrics

    Journal articles