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Embedding regional actors in social and historical context: Australia-New Zealand integration and Asian-Pacific regionalism

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journal contribution
posted on 18.05.2021, 02:40 by Matthew CastleMatthew Castle
The regionalisation of the world economy is one of the most important developments in global governance in the past two decades. This process has seen 'inter-regional' economic agreements emerge between two or more regional groupings. Drawing mainly on the European Union's external relations, observers accordingly point to the growing importance of regional actors, explaining their agency (or 'actorness') with regional attributes such as (supranational) institutional design, size, and member state cohesion. This article challenges this dominant explanation of regional agency. It argues that regional actors are socially, politically, and historically 'embedded'. Agency reflects the contingency of regional integration processes, the motivations that underpin those processes, and the specific relationships between regions and third parties. This approach explains an important case of inter-regionalism from the Asia-Pacific: CER-ASEAN relations. Since the early 1990s, Australia and New Zealand have used their 'Closer Economic Relations' trade agreement for relations with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. This reflects the ambitions of Australasian officials to shape processes of Asian-Pacific regionalism, and the interests of ASEAN officials in consolidating their own process of transnational market-making. Here, regional agency owed to a transforming world economy and the reconceptualisation of regions within new networks of trade governance.

History

Preferred citation

Castle, M. (2018). Embedding regional actors in social and historical context: Australia-New Zealand integration and Asian-Pacific regionalism. Review of International Studies, 44(1), 151-173. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0260210517000316

Journal title

Review of International Studies

Volume

44

Issue

1

Publication date

01/01/2018

Pagination

151-173

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Publication status

Published

Online publication date

19/07/2017

ISSN

0260-2105

eISSN

1469-9044

Language

en