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ENSO Modulates Summer and Autumn Sea Ice Variability Around Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
journal contributionposted on 02.03.2021, 21:20 by Florence E Isaacs, James Renwick, Andrew N Mackintosh, Ruzica Dadic
Antarctica’s sea ice cover is an important component of the global climate system, yet the drivers of sea ice variability are not well understood. Here we investigated the effects of climate variability on sea ice concentration (SIC) around East Antarctica by correlating the 40-years (1979–2018) satellite sea ice record and ERA5 reanalysis data. We found that summer and autumn SIC around Dronning Maud Land (DML) between 10 and 70°E exhibited a statistically significant negative correlation with the Niño 3.4 index. Sea ice in DML was also correlated with sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the tropical Pacific, and to an atmospheric wave train pattern extending from the South Pacific to DML. We suggest that a southward-propagating atmospheric wave train triggered by SST anomalies in the tropical Pacific extends into DML and alters sea ice concentration by encouraging meridional airflow. Our results showed that shifts in meridional flow in DML affected sea ice thermodynamically, by altering local heat transport and in turn altering sea ice formation and melt.
Isaacs, Renwick, Mackintosh & Dadic, 2021, ENSO Modulates Summer and Autumn Sea Ice Variability Around Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, 'Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres', 126, Citation number, 10.1029/2020jd033140. To view the published open abstract,go to http://dx.doi.org (http://dx.doi.org) and enter the DOI.