Detecting Real Earthquakes Using Artificial Earthquakes: On the Use of Synthetic Waveforms in Matched-Filter Earthquake Detection
©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Matched-filters are an increasingly popular tool for earthquake detection, but their reliance on a priori knowledge of the targets of interest limits their application to regions with previously documented seismicity. We explore an extension to the matched-filter method to detect earthquakes and low-frequency earthquakes on local to regional scales. We show that it is possible to increase the number of detections compared with standard energy-based methods, with low false-detection rates, using suites of synthetic waveforms as templates. We apply this to a microearthquake swarm and an aftershock sequence, and to detect low-frequency earthquakes. We also explore the sensitivity of detections to the synthetic source's location and focal mechanism. Source-receiver geometry has a first-order control on how sensitive matched-filter detectors are to variations in source location and focal mechanism, and this likely applies to detections made using both synthetic and real templates.