Demographic heterogeneity and the dynamics of open populations
journal contributionposted on 2020-09-28, 03:29 authored by EG Noonburg, A Chen, Jeffrey ShimaJeffrey Shima, SE Swearer
© 2015 by the Ecological Society of America. Individuals vary in their phenotype and propensity for growth and survival, but the demographic consequences of this remain poorly understood. We extend previous theoretical work on benthic marine populations and formulate a new model to evaluate how demographic heterogeneity among newly settled reef fish affects population stability. We simulated settlement, growth, and mortality of a small reef fish, the common triplefin (Forsterygion lapillum) in an open "subpopulation" using a delay-differential equation model framework. We modeled demographic heterogeneity with a discrete number of "quality" types, motivated by our previous empirical observations: individuals were either "high quality" (immigrants from nearby subpopulations) or "low quality" (immigrants from distant subpopulations); in our model, quality influences how quickly individuals develop at a given competitor density. Our results demonstrate how demographic heterogeneity and juvenile competition interact to qualitatively alter the effects of settlement on population stability. Specifically, our model suggests that a mixture of quality types can stabilize the equilibrium even when equal settlement of either type alone would result in an unstable equilibrium. These results highlight the importance of among-individual variation in a metapopulation context, and suggest that in systems where dispersal influences individual quality, connectivity may serve to stabilize local populations.
Preferred citationNoonburg, E. G., Chen, A., Shima, J. S. & Swearer, S. E. (2015). Demographic heterogeneity and the dynamics of open populations. Ecology, 96(5), 1159-1165. https://doi.org/10.1890/14-1531.1
Online publication date2015-05-01
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connectivitydelay-differential equationdemographic heterogeneitydensity dependenceForsterygion lapillumgrowth variationopen populationpopulation regulationrecruitmentAnimalsEcosystemFishesModels, BiologicalPopulation DynamicsScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineEcologyEnvironmental Sciences & EcologySPACE-LIMITED RECRUITMENTOPEN MARINE POPULATIONTEMPERATE REEF FISHDENSITY-DEPENDENCELARVAL RETENTIONCONNECTIVITYMORTALITYPERSISTENCEGROWTHPATTERNSEcological Applications