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Crustal Fault Connectivity of the Mw 7.8 2016 Kaikōura Earthquake Constrained by Aftershock Relocations
journal contributionposted on 2021-02-09, 07:15 authored by F Lanza, Calum ChamberlainCalum Chamberlain, K Jacobs, E Warren-Smith, HJ Godfrey, M Kortink, CH Thurber, Martha SavageMartha Savage, John TownendJohn Townend, S Roecker, D Eberhart-Phillips
©2019. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The 14 November 2016 Mw7.8 Kaikōura earthquake in the northern South Island, New Zealand, involved highly complex, multifault rupture. We combine data from a temporary network and the permanent national seismograph network to repick and relocate ~2,700 aftershocks of M≥3 that occurred between 14 November 2016 and 13 May 2017. Automatic phase-picking is carried out using REST, a newly developed hybrid method whose pick quality is assessed by comparing automatic picks for a subset of 138 events with analysts' picks. Aftershock hypocenters computed from high-quality REST picks and a 3-D velocity model cluster almost exclusively in the shallow crust of the upper plate and reveal linkages at depth between surface-rupturing fault segments. Only eight aftershocks are relocated on a deeper structure positioned between patches of geodetically detected afterslip. This indicates that afterslip has not triggered significant earthquake activity on the subduction interface during the period of aftershock activity analyzed.