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Components of landscape pattern and urban biodiversity in an era of climate change: a global survey of expert knowledge
journal contributionposted on 2021-09-11, 02:25 authored by A Rastandeh, Maibritt Pedersen Zari, Daniel BrownDaniel Brown
There is sufficient evidence to show that both humans and fauna are profoundly affected by landscape pattern composition and configuration in relation to adaptation to climate change impacts in urban landscapes. Despite this, global-scale research that ranks which components of landscape pattern play the most pivotal roles in this process is absent. Also lacking is in-depth examination of the potential areas of conflict between biodiversity conservation targets and those that pertain to human dimensions of climate change adaptation goals in relation to landscape patterns. The research aim was to determine how to identify, rank, and weight the most important components of landscape pattern affecting urban biodiversity in the changing climate and how to address areas of conflict between biodiversity conservation and human dimensions of climate change adaptation goals in terms of the spatial patterning of land cover classes distributed across urban landscapes. To do this, a global survey of 87 participants from 69 academic centres involved in at least 325 research projects between 2000 and 2017 was conducted. Of the eight components of landscape pattern identified and ranked by participants worldwide, the three most important components are respectively patch size, connectivity and proximity, and land cover heterogeneity. This research reveals that opinions of participants with experience in conducting research in the Southern Hemisphere in general and Oceania in particular influence this ranking. While a range of recommendations from specialists have been gathered and weighted, there is still much more research required to address areas of conflict between what fauna and humans need in the face of climate change.
Preferred citationRastandeh, A., Pedersen Zari, M. & Brown, D. K. (2018). Components of landscape pattern and urban biodiversity in an era of climate change: a global survey of expert knowledge. Urban Ecosystems, 21(5), 903-920. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-018-0777-3
Journal titleUrban Ecosystems
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Online publication date2018-06-22
Urban biodiversityClimate changeLandscape patternsSpatial ecology of wildlife speciesExpert surveyScience & TechnologySocial SciencesLife Sciences & BiomedicineBiodiversity ConservationEcologyEnvironmental SciencesUrban StudiesBiodiversity & ConservationEnvironmental Sciences & EcologyLAND-SURFACE TEMPERATURESEA-LEVEL RISEHEAT-ISLANDPACIFIC ISLANDSCHANGE REFUGIALOCAL CLIMATECONSERVATIONMANAGEMENTFORESTURBANIZATIONEcological Applications not elsewhere classifiedEcology