Characterization of 400 Volt High Impedance Fault with Current and Magnetic Field Measurements
journal contributionposted on 12.04.2021, 02:35 by Anwarul Islam Sifat, FJ Stevens McFadden, Joseph Bailey, Ramesh Rayudu, A Hunze
Electrical faults, which can occur at all voltage levels in an electricity supply system, are a health and safety risk. Multi-branch distribution networks represent a significant ongoing challenge for fault detection, with the greatest challenge being high impedance fault (HIF) detection. To date, research has focused at higher voltage levels and fault monitoring sensors have traditionally only been installed in limited locations within the higher voltage networks. The main contributions of this paper are to characterize a high impedance fault (HIF) involving a tree branch and to experimentally verify the feasibility of giant magneto-resistive (GMR) sensors, located distant from the overhead lines, for fault detection. In a purpose-built 400 V physical simulation test facility, we have collected current and magnetic field data during HIF involving a tree branch. We have identified new characteristics in the early stages of this fault type, which persist for a reasonable length of time but are only observable when suitable signal processing techniques are applied. New detection schemes will, therefore, need to be developed to detect such faults. GMR sensors were found to be suitable for observing the characteristics of HIF, validating their potential use for fault detection. © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.