Ambient noise cross-correlation observations of fundamental and higher-mode Rayleigh wave propagation governed by basement resonance
Measurement of basement seismic resonance frequencies can elucidate shallow velocity structure, an important factor in earthquake hazard estimation. Ambient noise cross correlation, which is well-suited to studying shallow earth structure, is commonly used to analyze fundamental-mode Rayleigh waves and, increasingly, Love waves. Here we show via multicomponent ambient noise cross correlation that the basement resonance frequency in the Canterbury region of New Zealand can be straightforwardly determined based on the horizontal to vertical amplitude ratio (H/V ratio) of the first higher-mode Rayleigh waves. At periods of 1-3 s, the first higher-mode is evident on the radial-radial cross-correlation functions but almost absent in the vertical-vertical cross-correlation functions, implying longitudinal motion and a high H/V ratio. A one-dimensional regional velocity model incorporating a ~ 1.5 km-thick sedimentary layer fits both the observed H/V ratio and Rayleigh wave group velocity. Similar analysis may enable resonance characteristics of other sedimentary basins to be determined. © 2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Preferred citationSavage, M., Lin, F. C. & Townend, J. (2013). Ambient noise cross-correlation observations of fundamental and higher-mode Rayleigh wave propagation governed by basement resonance. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(14), 3556-3561. https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50678
Journal titleGeophysical Research Letters
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union (AGU)
Online publication date19/07/2013
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ambient noisehigher-mode surface wavesspectral ratiosresonance frequencyCanterburyNew ZealandScience & TechnologyPhysical SciencesGeosciences, MultidisciplinaryGeologySEISMIC NOISEGREENS-FUNCTIONCANTERBURY EARTHQUAKENEW-ZEALANDCHRISTCHURCHTOMOGRAPHYMOTIONGEOMETRYVELOCITYFAULTMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences