Adaptation to climate change in small island settlements
journal contributionposted on 2021-08-19, 00:22 authored by DC Major, P Blaschke, V Gornitz, E Hosek, M Lehmann, J Lewis, H Loehr, GA Major-Ex, Maibritt Pedersen Zari, MJ Vásquez Vargas, E Watterson, A Wejs
Adaptation to climate change in small island settlements poses unique issues of access, cost, governance and cultural, historical, and ecological preservation. There is a need therefore to focus research efforts on these small coastal settlements in order to assist and support their communities to develop and implement adaptation. This article is an initial attempt to evaluate and categorise these issues for island settlements, based on case studies and general perspectives on adaptation. Six island settlement case studies are used from around the world: Cocos Islands (Australian territory); Shishmaref, USA; Broad Channel, USA; Samsø, Denmark; Ciutadella de Menorca, Spain; and Port Vila, Vanuatu. This article describes and assesses impacts, adaptations, and capacity within each of the six case studies, and outlines the relationship of the Sustainable Development Goals system to small coastal settlements in general.