Song 2018 AC loss simulation in a HTS 3-phase 1 MVA transformer.pdf (1.16 MB)

AC loss simulation in a HTS 3-Phase 1 MVA transformer using H formulation

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journal contribution
posted on 07.04.2021, 21:51 by W Song, Zhenan Jiang, X Zhang, M Staines, Rodney Badcock, J Fang, Y Sogabe, N Amemiya
One of critical issues for HTS transformers is achieving sufficiently low AC loss in the windings. Therefore, accurate prediction of AC loss is critical for the HTS transformer applications. In this work, we present AC loss simulation results employing the H-formulation for a 1 MVA 3-Phase HTS transformer. The high voltage (HV) windings are composed of 24 double pancakes per phase wound with 4 mm – wide YBCO wire. Each double pancake coil has 38 ¼ turns. The low voltage (LV) windings are 20 turn single-layer solenoid windings wound with 15/5 (15 strands of 5 mm width) Roebel cable per phase. The numerical method was first verified by comparing the numerical and experimental AC loss results for two coil assemblies composed of two and six double pancake coils (DPCs). The numerical AC loss calculated for the transformer was compared with the measured AC loss as well as the numerical result obtained using the minimum magnetic energy variation (MMEV) method. The numerical AC loss result in this work and experimental result as well as the numerical result using MMEV at the rated current agree to within 20%. Further simulations were carried out to explore the dependence of the AC loss on the gap between the turns of the LV winding. The minimum AC loss at rated current in the 1 MVA HTS transformer appears when the gap between turns is approximately 2.1 mm turn gap in the LV winding. This is due to the change of relative heights between the HV and LV windings which results in optimal radial magnetic field cancellation. The same numerical method can be applied to calculate AC loss in larger rating HTS transformers. © This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license


Preferred citation

Song, W., Jiang, Z., Zhang, X., Staines, M., Badcock, R. A., Fang, J., Sogabe, Y. & Amemiya, N. (2018). AC loss simulation in a HTS 3-Phase 1 MVA transformer using H formulation. Cryogenics, 94, 14-21.

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Elsevier BV

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