Open Access Te Herenga Waka-Victoria University of Wellington
AC_Loss_Simulation_in_HTS_Coil_Windings_Coupled_With_an_Iron_Core.pdf (1.8 MB)
Download file

AC Loss Simulation in HTS Coil Windings Coupled With an Iron Core

Download (1.8 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-08, 21:29 authored by Yue WuYue Wu, X Li, Rodney BadcockRodney Badcock, Nicholas LongNicholas Long, N Amemiya, J Fang, Zhenan JiangZhenan Jiang
AC loss generated in Superferric magnets composed of high temperature superconducting (HTS) coil windings and iron cores is one of critical issues for rapid-cycling synchrotrons (RCSs) application. In this work, we carried out 3D FEM AC loss simulations in HTS coil assemblies coupled with an iron core using the T-A homogenization method. The HTS coil assemblies consist of a stack of double pancake coils (DPCs) wound with 4 mm - wide Shanghai Superconductor wires with an average self-field critical current of 192.6 A. The numerical and experimental AC loss results of a DPC (1 DPC) without the iron core were compared to validate the 3D T-A homogenization method. Then, 3D AC loss simulations were carried out on the DPC assemblies with different number of DPCs with/without the iron core to investigate the influence of the iron core and the coil number on AC loss. The iron core causes increase in AC loss values of the DPC assemblies. AC loss increases by a factor of five in the 4 DPC assembly with the iron core compared with that without the iron core. The simulation result in the 4 DPC assembly with the iron core reveals that strong perpendicular magnetic field penetration occurs even in the center DPCs and this explains the substantial AC loss increase in the 4 DPC assembly.


Preferred citation

Wu, Y., Li, X., Badcock, R. A., Long, N. J., Amemiya, N., Fang, J. & Jiang, Z. (2022). AC Loss Simulation in HTS Coil Windings Coupled With an Iron Core. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 32(6), 1-5.

Journal title

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity





Publication date





Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Publication status


Online publication date






Article number

ARTN 4701505