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The role of high-protein diets in body weight management and health

journal contribution
posted on 20.08.2020, 05:27 by Lisa Te Morenga, J Mann
Studies examining the health benefits of high-protein diets typical of most affluent and many developing countries are not consistent. Prospective epidemiological studies relating dietary protein to clinical and metabolic endpoints suggest increased weight gain and increased risk of diabetes amongst those with a high protein intake and an increased risk of cancer with high intakes of red meat, but lower blood pressure and possibly a reduced risk of heart disease with higher protein intakes. The potential for high-protein diets to confer greater benefit than other diets has been examined using ad libitum and energy restricted diets. Of greatest interest have been the comparisons between high-protein and high-carbohydrate diets. Many trials have reported greater weight loss especially in the context of ad libitum diets over the short-to medium-term, sparing of lean body mass, lowering of triglyceride levels, improved HDL: total cholesterol ratio and improved glycaemic control. Limited data regarding insulin sensitivity are less consistent. A major difficulty in interpreting the results of these studies is that carbohydrate quality has not been taken into account. Furthermore, longer term comparisons of weight reducing diets differing in macronutrient composition have reported similar outcomes, suggesting that compliance is a more important consideration. Nevertheless dietary patterns with high-protein intakes are appropriate for weight reduction and weight maintenance and may be useful for those who have high triglyceride levels and other features of the metabolic syndrome. © 2012 The Authors.

History

Preferred citation

Te Morenga, L. & Mann, J. (2012). The role of high-protein diets in body weight management and health. British Journal of Nutrition, 108(SUPPL. 2), S130-S138. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512002437

Journal title

British Journal of Nutrition

Volume

108

Issue

SUPPL. 2

Publication date

01/08/2012

Pagination

S130-S138

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Publication status

Published

Online publication date

01/08/2012

ISSN

0007-1145

eISSN

1475-2662

Language

en

Exports