Szabo et al. (2020) - Testing the construct validity and empirical distinctiveness of the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale .docx (84.92 kB)

Testing the construct validity and empirical distinctiveness of the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale (MISS) and the bicultural identity integration scale (BIIS-2)

Download (84.92 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 23.07.2020 by Á Szabó, Colleen Ward, A Meca, SJ Schwartz
© 2020 American Psychological Association. The Bicultural Identity Integration Scale (BIIS-2) and the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale (MISS) were designed to assess different aspects of bicultural identity. The BIIS-2 captures characteristics of a bicultural identity in the domains of affect (harmony vs. conflict) and cognition (blendedness vs. compartmentalization). The MISS measures 2 distinct strategies (hybrid and alternating identity styles) used to achieve and maintain a bicultural identity. The aims of the present study were to investigate the factor structures of MISS and BIIS-2 scores using confirmatory factor analysis and to examine potential construct overlap between the 2 measures using exploratory structural equation modeling. Measures were administered twice (11 days apart) to a sample of 836 Hispanic young adults in the United States. Confirmatory factor analytic results supported the 2-factor structure of the MISS. The BIIS-2 items patterned onto 4 factors: harmony, conflict, blendedness, and compartmentalization. Configural, metric, and scalar equivalence of the factor structures of both measures were established across time. The exploratory structural equation modeling indicated no salient cross-loadings between the MISS and the BIIS-2 subscales, and this independence was consistent across time. Interfactor correlations indicated a strong, positive relationship between the hybrid identity style and BII-blendedness subscales. Scores on the alternating identity style subscale were positively related to the BII-conflict, BII-compartmentalization, and BII-blendedness subscales. Overall, findings provide evidence for the construct validity of the MISS and its empirical distinctiveness from the BIIS-2 and suggest a 4-factor structure for the BIIS-2. The study suggests that the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale and the Bicultural Identity Integration Scale assess distinct aspects of a bicultural identity. Additionally, findings confirm the construct validity of the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale with a sample of Hispanic young adults and indicate a potential four-factor structure for the Bicultural Identity Integration Scale.

History

Preferred citation

Szabó, Á., Ward, C., Meca, A. & Schwartz, S. J. (2020). Testing the construct validity and empirical distinctiveness of the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale (MISS) and the bicultural identity integration scale (BIIS-2). Psychological Assessment, 32(7), 705-712. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000825

Journal title

Psychological Assessment

Volume

32

Issue

7

Publication date

01/07/2020

Pagination

705-712

Publisher

American Psychological Association (APA)

Publication status

Published

Online publication date

01/07/2020

ISSN

1040-3590

eISSN

1939-134X

Language

en

Exports