Obesity and health care interventions: Substantiating a multi-modal challenge through the lens of grounded theory
journal contributionposted on 11.08.2020 by M Mandlik, JG Oetzel, Djavlonbek Kadirov
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
© 2020 Australian Health Promotion Association Issue addressed: One of the biggest concerns for human health in the 21st century is the ever-increasing rate of obesity and its associated budgetary implications for publicly funded health care service provisioning. This study at the outset explores the multifaceted nature of food-related consumption choices and outcomes of obesity, and later offers suggestions to improve the existing interventional strategies to curtail the epidemic. Methods: A total of 24 participants were recruited through poster invitations placed around the greater metropolitan area of Auckland, New Zealand. Participants shared their health care intervention program experiences through in-depth, semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed in keeping with traditions of constructivist grounded theory. Findings: Analysis revealed various concurrent individually acting and ecologically mediated processes which led to obesogenic outcomes as a result of social actors’ (participants) engagement in acts of (food-related) consumption practices. Conclusions: This study helps to illustrate the underlying, multifaceted processes that lead to obese individuals feeling defeated or disempowered and categorically willing, yet unable to bring about healthy changes in their lives. We hope this study will prompt health care practitioners to take a holistic approach while conceiving and deploying health care intervention programs. So what?: Current health care interventional programs are not achieving optimum solutions for those in need. All future programs need to acknowledge the roles played by an individual, as well as ecological factors, while deploying client-centric intervention solutions. Perhaps these programs are in need of a team-based approach to offer a truly “wrap-around” service provisioning strategy, rather than the traditional one-on-one consultative approaches in use at current times.