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Bicultural landscapes and ecological restoration in the compact city: The case of Zealandia as a sustainable ecosanctuary

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posted on 03.06.2020 by Bruno Marques, Jacqueline McIntosh, W Hatton, D Shanahan
© 2019, © 2019 European Council of Landscape Architecture Schools (ECLAS). In the context of the highly compact bicultural capital city of Wellington, New Zealand, this paper explores the development of an ecosanctuary initiated by the community. The indigenous flora and fauna was damaged as a result of the introduction of mammalian predators and aggressive plant species when the country was colonized, and through intensive urbanization. The restoration of the indigenous flora and fauna and the reintroduction of birdsong has resulted in a significant increase in commercial ecotourism. This paper explores health and well-being opportunities resulting from seeing the sanctuary through a Māori lens. It examines the phenomenon of Zealandia, where green and blue infrastructures foster emerging ecologies while accommodating visitor services and improving the social, cultural, economic, and environmental health of the city. It finds that the benefits of this compact urban landscape far exceed the original goals of the project and it offers new prospects for health and well-being through intensification by addressing sustainability holistically and including socio-cultural perspectives and initiatives.

Funding

Collaborative design of bicultural therapeutic and rehabilitative landscapes | Funder: Victoria University of Wellington

History

Preferred citation

Marques, B., McIntosh, J., Hatton, W. & Shanahan, D. (2019). Bicultural landscapes and ecological restoration in the compact city: The case of Zealandia as a sustainable ecosanctuary. Journal of Landscape Architecture, 14(1), 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1080/18626033.2019.1623545

Journal title

Journal of Landscape Architecture

Volume

14

Issue

1

Publication date

02/01/2019

Pagination

44-53

Publisher

Informa UK Limited

Publication status

Published

Online publication date

05/06/2019

ISSN

1862-6033

eISSN

2164-604X

Language

en

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Categories

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