The term ‘21st century learner’ emerged at the turn of the millennium and evoked a certain type of digitally-agile and self-driven learner. These ideas about 21st century learners have been widely and uncritically adopted in New Zealand policies and practices in recent years. This paper examines the origins and substance of this term against the backdrop of globalisation and Knowledge Economy discourses and emerging ideas of ‘digital natives’. It considers the implications of these ideas on conceptualisations of the child, the development of deep learning, the impact on relationships between adults/teachers and students and on social equity. It concludes by suggesting that the term 21st century learner needs on-going critique if we want critical, informed citizens in our democracy.
Preferred citationHirschman, K. & Wood, B. (2018). 21st Century Learners: Changing Conceptions of Knowledge, Learning and the Child. The New Zealand Annual Review of Education, 23, 20-20. https://doi.org/10.26686/nzaroe.v23i0.5280
Journal titleThe New Zealand Annual Review of Education
PublisherVictoria University of Wellington Library
Publication statusPublished online
Online publication date30/12/2018